Helmets have been essential safety gear for people who engage in various activities that involve the risk of head injuries. With advancements in technology, there are various types of helmets available in the market, each designed to cater to specific needs. One such type of helmet is the Type 2 helmet, which is widely used in industries that involve electrical hazards. In this article, we will explore what a Type 2 helmet is, its features, and its importance in various industries.
What is a Type 2 Helmet?
A Type 2 helmet is a type of safety helmet that is designed to protect the head from electrical hazards. It is an advanced version of the Type 1 helmet, which protects against impact only. The Type 2 helmet has a dielectric liner, which means that it is made of non-conductive materials. This feature prevents electric currents from passing through the helmet and into the user’s head, providing an additional layer of protection against electrical shocks.
How is a Type 2 Helmet different from other helmets?
The main difference between a Type 2 helmet and other helmets is that it protects against both impact and electrical hazards. The Type 1 helmet, for example, only protects against impact. Type 2 helmets are also made of non-conductive materials, which makes them suitable for use in environments where electrical hazards are present.
Features of a Type 2 Helmet
Here are some of the features of a Type 2 helmet:
- Non-conductive materials: Type 2 helmets are made of non-conductive materials, which prevent electric currents from passing through the helmet and into the user’s head.
- Dielectric liner: The dielectric liner is a layer of insulation that provides an additional layer of protection against electrical hazards.
- Chin strap: Type 2 helmets come with a chin strap that ensures that the helmet stays securely in place during use.
- Ventilation: Type 2 helmets typically have ventilation holes, which allow for air circulation and help prevent overheating.
Benefits of using a Type 2 Helmet
Here are some of the benefits of using a Type 2 helmet:
- Protection against electrical hazards: Type 2 helmets protect against electrical shocks and high-voltage currents, making them ideal for use in industries that involve electrical hazards.
- Protection against impact: Type 2 helmets also protect against impact, which makes them suitable for use in industries that involve heavy machinery and equipment.
- Comfortable: Type 2 helmets are designed to be comfortable to wear for extended periods, thanks to their ventilation and chin strap features.
- Lightweight: Type 2 helmets are typically lightweight, which reduces the strain on the user’s head and neck muscles, making them easier to wear for extended periods.
Who uses Type 2 Helmets?
Type 2 helmets are primarily used in industries where electrical hazards are present, such as electrical utilities, telecommunications, and construction. They are also used in industries that involve heavy machinery and equipment, where there is a risk of head injuries due to impact.
Industries that require Type 2 Helmets
Here are some of the industries that require the use of Type 2 helmets:
- Electrical utilities: Type 2 helmets are a requirement for workers who handle live wires and electrical equipment.
- Telecommunications: Workers who work on telecommunication towers or handle high-voltage cables are required to wear Type 2 helmets.
- Construction: Type 2 helmets are used in construction sites where there is a risk of head injuries due to falling objects or electrical hazards.
- Mining: Workers in the mining industry are required to wear Type 2 helmets to protect against head injuries due to falling objects and electrical hazards.
Standards for Type 2 Helmets
Type 2 helmets must meet certain standards to ensure their effectiveness and safety. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) have established standards for Type 2 helmets. These standards require Type 2 helmets to meet specific electrical insulation and impact resistance criteria.
How to choose the right Type 2 Helmet?
When choosing a Type 2 helmet, it is essential to consider the following factors:
- Electrical insulation rating: Choose a helmet with an electrical insulation rating that is appropriate for the specific environment you will be working in.
- Impact resistance: Look for a helmet that meets the impact resistance criteria established by ANSI and OSHA.
- Comfort: Choose a helmet that is comfortable to wear for extended periods and has features like ventilation and a chin strap.
- Size: Ensure that the helmet fits properly and is adjustable to fit different head sizes.
Maintenance and Care for Type 2 Helmets
To ensure the effectiveness and longevity of Type 2 helmets, it is essential to follow proper maintenance and care practices. Here are some tips for maintaining and caring for your Type 2 helmet:
- Inspect the helmet regularly for signs of wear and tear.
- Clean the helmet regularly with mild soap and water.
- Store the helmet in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and heat sources.
- Do not use solvents or harsh chemicals to clean the helmet.
Related: What is the New Helmet Rule?
Can Type 2 helmets be used in wet environments?
Yes, Type 2 helmets can be used in wet environments as long as they are not damaged.
How often should Type 2 helmets be inspected?
Type 2 helmets should be inspected regularly, at least once a month, for signs of wear and tear.
Can Type 2 helmets be used for firefighting?
No, Type 2 helmets are not suitable for firefighting. Firefighting helmets have different specifications and requirements.
How long do Type 2 helmets last?
The lifespan of a Type 2 helmet depends on various factors, including usage and maintenance practices. It is essential to inspect the helmet regularly for signs of wear and tear.
Type 2 helmets are essential safety gear for workers in industries that involve electrical hazards and heavy machinery. These helmets protect against both impact and electrical hazards, making them an effective solution for head protection. When choosing a Type 2 helmet, it is essential to consider factors like electrical insulation rating, impact resistance, comfort, and size. Proper maintenance and care practices are also necessary to ensure the longevity and effectiveness of Type 2 helmets.